Nfhs wrestling rule book

 

    Publisher's Note: The National Federation of State High School Associations is the only source of official high school interpretations. They do. NFHS. WRESTLING RULES. B. Elliot Hopkins, MLD, CAA. Director of Sports, Sanctioning and Student Services. Brian Smith. The NFHS writes playing rules for 17 sports for boys and NFHS RULES BOOK AS E-BOOKS reference shall be allowed on the wrestling uniform (PlayPic B).

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    Nfhs Wrestling Rule Book

    NFHS WRESTLING RULES. POWERPOINT This rule allows for minimal disruption of the sanctity of .. addressed in the rules book. Except as may be specifically noted in this rules book, the NFHS makes no clarifies which wrestler will advance into the consolation bracket when points have. NFHS RULES BOOK AS E-BOOKS. ▫ E-books features: • Searchable. • Highlight areas of interest. • Make notes. • Easy navigation. • Adjustable viewing size.

    High school coaches, officials and administrators who have knowledge and experience regarding this particular sport and age group volunteer their time to serve on the rules committee. Member associations of the NFHS independently make decisions regarding compliance with or modification of these playing rules for the studentathletes in their respective states. NFHS rules are used by education-based and non-education-based organizations serving children of varying skill levels who are of high school age and younger. In order to make NFHS rules skill-level and age-level appropriate, the rules may be modified by any organization that chooses to use them. Except as may be specifically noted in this rules book, the NFHS makes no recommendation about the nature or extent of the modifications that may be appropriate for children who are younger or less skilled than high school varsity athletes. Every individual using these rules is responsible for prudent judgment with respect to each contest, athlete and facility, and each athlete is responsible for exercising caution and good sportsmanship. These rules should be interpreted and applied so as to make reasonable accommodations for athletes, coaches and officials with disabilities. No one may republish any material contained herein without the prior written consent of the NFHS. Republication of all or any portion of this rules book on the Internet is expressly prohibited. This rule change further clarifies which wrestler will advance into the consolation bracket when points have been scored in the match. Hair Coverings 4. Cleaning Wrestling Mats and Wrestling Equipment 5. Competition Rule 2. Equipment Rule 3.

    When a decision is reached, the referee will inform the scorer s table of any change in match scoring, timing, etc. The referee, assistant referee and two contestants are the only individuals permitted on the wrestling mat. Coaches are not permitted to address the assistant referee and the assistant referee is not permitted to address the coaches.

    This is the referee s responsibility; j. During any headlock, the assistant should be in position to observe any action from underneath and verbally inform the referee of any change from legal to illegal; k. During the end-of-the-match procedure, the assistant referee shall be on the edge of the circle to observe both wrestlers and coaches as they leave the wrestling area.

    ART The assistant scorers are responsible for recording points earned by each individual wrestler during the course of the match and circling first point s scored in the regulation match. As points are earned in a dual meet, a running team score shall be kept following each individual match. The uniform shall be a school issued uniform.

    Photo 1 Full-length tights with stirrups are acceptable under a one-piece uniform. Any other undergarment that extends beyond the inseam of a one-piece uniform shall be a tight-fitting, single solid color, unadorned and shall not extend below the knee. An American flag, not to exceed 2 by 3 inches, and either a commemorative or memorial patch, not to exceed 4 square inches and with written state association approval, may be worn.

    ART Wrestlers shall wear light heelless wrestling shoes, reaching above the ankles. If the laces are visible, they shall be secured in an acceptable fashion. ART Wrestlers shall wear wrestling ear guards, which provide: The hair, in its natural state, shall not extend below the top of an ordinary shirt collar in the back; and on the sides, the hair shall not extend below earlobe level; in the front, the hair shall not extend below the eyebrows.

    Photos A neatly trimmed mustache that does not extend below the line of the lower lip shall be permissible. If an individual has hair longer than allowed by rule, it may be braided or rolled if it is contained in a cover so that the hair rule is satisfied.

    Photo 4 The legal hair cover shall be attached to the ear guards. A bandanna is not considered a legal hair cover. The legal hair cover must be of a solid material and be nonabrasive. The wrestler opting to wear a legal hair cover must wear it to the weigh-in procedure and be checked for grooming with it on. The legal hair cover must be removed prior to the wrestler stepping on the scale to be weighed.

    WRESTLING: Rule change baffles coaches, officials alike

    If a referee is not present at weigh-ins, the hair cover must be checked by the meet referee upon arrival at the site. If an individual has facial hair it must be covered with a face mask. All legal hair covers and face masks will be considered as special equipment.

    If an individual s hair is as abrasive as an unshaved face, the individual shall be required to shave the head as smooth as a face is required, or wear a legal hair cover. Because of the body contact involved, these standards shall constitute the sole reasons for disqualification.

    Application of this rule shall not be arbitrary or capricious.

    National Federation of State High School Associations - Wrestling Rules Book

    ART If a participant is suspected by the referee or coach of having a communicable skin disease or any other condition that makes participation appear inadvisable, the coach shall provide current written documentation as defined by the NFHS or the state associations, from an appropriate health-care professional stating that the suspected disease or condition is not communicable and that the athlete s participation would not be harmful to any opponent.

    This document shall be furnished at the weigh-in for the dual meet or tournament. The only exception would be if a designated, on-site meet appropriate health-care professional is present and is able to examine the wrestler either immediately prior to or immediately after the weigh-in.

    Covering a communicable condition shall not be considered acceptable and does not make the wrestler eligible to participate. Art A contestant may have documentation from an appropriate health-care professional only indicating a specific condition such as a birthmark or other non-communicable skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema, and that documentation is valid for the duration of the season. It is valid with the understanding that a chronic condition could become secondarily infected and may require reevaluation.

    ART Each contestant who has braces or has a special orthodontic device on their teeth, shall be required to wear a tooth and mouth protector. A tooth and mouth protector intraoral shall include an. This would include upper and lower teeth if devices are present on both. It is recommended the protector be properly fitted and: Constructed from a model made from an impression of the individual s teeth and braces or special orthodontic device.

    Constructed and fitted to the individual by impressing the teeth and braces or special orthodontic device into the tooth and mouth protector itself. Special equipment includes, but is not limited to: Legal hair coverings attached to the ear guards, face masks, braces, casts, supports, eye protection and socks; b. Loose pads are prohibited. ART Taping or strapping which substantially restricts the normal movement of a joint shall be prohibited The taping of fingers and thumb is not a violation.

    ART To help identify contestants, red and green leg bands may be worn on either or both legs. ART Wrestlers may not wear wristbands, sweatbands or bicep bands during a match. ART Electronic devices that enable communication between coach and contestant during a match are not permitted. ART A contestant shall not wrestle more than one weight class above that class for which the actual weight, at the time of weigh-in, qualifies the competitor.

    ART At anytime the use of sweat boxes; hot showers; whirlpools; rubber, vinyl and plastic-type suits; or similar artificial heating devices; diuretics; or other methods for quick weight reduction purposes is prohibited and shall disqualify an individual from competition. ART A 2-pound growth allowance may be added to each weight class any time after the date of certification.

    When a preliminary meet is followed by a varsity meet, weigh-ins may, by mutual consent, precede the preliminary meet. ART Contestants of the same gender shall have the opportunity to weigh in shoulder-toshoulder or by team s at the tournament site a maximum of two hours before the first session of each day. ART For any event, all contestants shall be present in and remain in the designated weigh-in area at the time established by the meet administration.

    Contestants shall not leave the designated weigh-in area unless permission is granted by the meet administration. Dual meet weigh-in shall proceed through the weight classes beginning with the random draw selected weight class, continue through the weight classes, wrap around to the pound weight class and end immediately upon the completion of the highest weight class preceding the random draw selected weight class.

    When all wrestlers for a weight class have had an opportunity to weigh in and the next class is called, that weight class is closed. Tournament weigh-in may proceed by team s with the lowest weight class to the highest and end immediately upon the completion of the highest weight class.

    A contestant shall weigh in for only one weight class during the weigh-in period. If only one scale is available, a contestant may step on and off that scale two times to allow for mechanical inconsistencies in the scale. If multiple scales are available, a contestant may step on and off the first scale two times to allow for mechanical inconsistencies in that scale.

    If the contestant fails to make weight on the first scale, the contestant shall immediately step on each available scale one time in an attempt to make weight. During time off the scale s , activities that promote dehydration are prohibited. ART The referee, or other authorized person of the same gender, shall supervise the weigh-ins.

    ART When there are consecutive days of team competition, there shall be a 1-pound additional allowance granted each day for all wrestlers up to a maximum of two pounds. In order to be granted this 1-pound additional allowance, a minimum of 48 hours advance notice is required for the opponent s. The acceptable person s to receive that notice shall be the head coach, principal or athletic director.

    Competitions that are postponed for one calendar day or more, for reasons beyond the control of the participating school s , or practices that cannot be held in these situations due to school policy shall be treated the same as competitions when there are consecutive days of competition in terms of the 1-pound allowance, with the exception of the required hour notice.

    ART A contestant representing a school in an individually bracketed tournament shall be named by weight class prior to the conclusion of the weigh-in. ART All contestants shall weigh in wearing a suitable undergarment that completely covers the buttocks and the groin area.

    Female contestants must also wear a suitable undergarment that covers their breasts. ART Any contestant failing to make weight during the weigh-in period shall be ineligible for that weight class.

    That contestant may wrestle in the weight class for which their actual weight.

    An additional weigh-in is neither required nor allowed. ART Any contestant who has been authorized to wear an artificial limb, shall weigh-in with the artificial limb if the contestant chooses to wrestle with it on. Once a wrestler has weighed in with the artificial limb, it shall not be removed during competition. ART Bad time involves time that occurs when: ART Any points, penalties, or injury time that occurred during bad time shall be voided with the following exceptions: ART Errors requiring bad time to be re-wrestled must be corrected prior to the start of any subsequent period.

    If the wrong wrestler is given the choice of position at the start of the second period or at the start of the first second tiebreaker in overtime, no re-wrestling is necessary.

    The opponent may be given the choice at the start of the third period or at the start of the second second tiebreaker in overtime.

    ART If in the opinion of the referee, a wrestler has bitten an opponent this will be deemed as intentional biting and will be called as flagrant misconduct. The number of byes shall be equal to the difference between the number of competitors and the next higher power of two.

    ART There shall be no byes after the first round of competition in both the championship and consolation brackets, and no further drawing is necessary for championship or consolation rounds. ART When byes are required for the first round, they shall be placed by mutual consent or drawn so they are distributed evenly throughout the bracket.

    ART No quarter-bracket or half-bracket shall have more than one bye in excess of its paired bracket. ART After seeded wrestlers have been placed in the bracket and the byes drawn, remaining wrestlers shall be placed by draw.

    ART Following two cautions, a 1-point penalty is assessed for each subsequent infraction. ART When a coach requests a conference with the referee at the scorer s table regarding a possible misapplication of a rule, and it is determined there was no misapplication or when, during a conference at the scorer s table, the coach questions the judgment of the referee, coach misconduct shall be called.

    The coach misconduct penalty shall always be charged to the head coach. ART Coach misconduct results in the following: First offense warning; b. Second offense deduct one team point; c. Third offense deduct two team points and removal of the head coach for the remainder of the day. The penalty sequence starts anew each day. See Penalty Chart. A wrestler who has control of an opponent is in a position of advantage. ART Control is gained when a takedown occurs, and changes when an escape or reversal is scored.

    ART Control determines the awarding of points. The two seconds one-thousand-one, one-thousand-two shall be a silent count and shall start only after the referee is in position to observe if a fall is imminent. A fall is imminent when any part of both shoulders or both scapula of either wrestler are in contact with the mat.

    The shoulders or scapula must be held inbounds in continuous contact with the mat. A fall terminates wrestling. Photos ART A near fall occurs when the offensive wrestler has control of the opponent in a pinning situation and near-fall criteria are met for a period of two seconds or longer. Photos a. Criteria for a near fall occur when any part of both shoulders or both scapulae of the defensive wrestler are held within 4 inches of the mat or less; or when one shoulder or scapula of the defensive wrestler is touching the mat and the other shoulder or scapula is held at an angle of 45 degrees or less with the mat; or when the defensive wrestler is held in a high bridge or on both elbows.

    Only the wrestler with the advantage, who has an opponent in the pinning situation, may score a near fall; c. A near fall is ended when the defensive wrestler gets out of a pinning situation. The referee must not signal the score for a near fall until the situation is ended and only one near fall shall be scored in each pinning situation, regardless of number of times the offensive wrestler places an opponent in the near-fall position during the pinning situation; d.

    A bridgeback in a body scissors or bridgeovers with a wrist lock are not considered near-fall situations even though a fall may be scored; e. When the defensive wrestler places himself in a precarious position during an attempted escape or reversal, a near fall shall not be scored, unless the offensive wrestler has control and restrains the opponent in a pinning situation for two seconds; f.

    If the defensive wrestler is injured or bleeding occurs in an imminent near-fall situation or before the two-point near fall criteria of a two count have been met, the match will be stopped and a two-point near-fall awarded. If the defensive wrestler is injured or bleeding occurs after the two-point near-fall criteria of a two count have been met and before the three-point near-fall criteria of a five count have been earned, the match will be stopped and a three-point near fall shall be awarded.

    If the defensive wrestler is injured or indicates an injury or bleeding occurs after a three-point near fall is earned, the match will be stopped and a four-point near fall shall be awarded; i. ART If the near-fall criteria are met for a period of two seconds, a two-point near fall will be earned and if the near-fall criteria are met for five continuous seconds, a three-point near fall will be earned.

    ART A technical fall occurs when a wrestler has earned a point advantage over the opponent, however; a. If a takedown or reversal, straight to near-fall criteria creates a point advantage, the match shall continue until the near-fall situation has concluded.

    Once the technical fall has been earned, the offensive wrestler cannot lose the match except by flagrant misconduct. ART A fall or near fall shall not be awarded: Unless any part of both shoulders or both scapulae of the defensive wrestler is inbounds; b. If the wrestler being pinned is handicapped by having any portion of the wrestler s body out of bounds. Flagrant misconduct shall be penalized in accordance with the Penalty Chart. ART Contestants: Flagrant misconduct is any physical or nonphysical act which occurs before, during or after a match considered by the referee to be serious enough to disqualify a contestant from the match and any additional wrestling in a multiple school event.

    Acts include, but are not limited to: If, in the opinion of the referee, a wrestler bites an opponent this will be deemed as intentional biting and will be called as flagrant misconduct. In order to receive a forfeit the wrestler shall be dressed in a legal wrestling uniform and appear on the mat. Photos Photo 11 ART Supporting points are the parts of the body touching the wrestling area which bear the wrestler s weight, other than those parts with which the wrestler is holding the opponent.

    When down on the mat, the usual points of support are: When the defensive wrestler is on their back while the supporting points of either wrestler are inbounds, wrestling shall continue as long as there is a possibility of the offensive wrestler bringing the opponent back into the inbounds area.

    In this situation any part of a defensive wrestler s shoulder or scapula is considered to be all the supporting points. Near-fall points or a fall shall be earned only while any part of both defensive wrestler s shoulders or both scapulae are inbounds. ART Wrestling shall continue as long as all the supporting points of either wrestler remain inbounds. If there is no action at the edge of the mat and one wrestler is out of bounds, the referee may stop the match.

    ART A match begins when the proper wrestler reports to the scorer s table in dual matches and tournaments until the conclusion of wrestling. The conclusion of wrestling occurs when the time expires at the end of the third period, when the overtime ends, or when a fall, technical fall, disqualification or a default occurs. Photo The position of advantage is a situation in which a contestant is in control and maintaining restraining power over an opponent.

    Control is the determining factor. The failure of the offensive wrestler to get the head out from the defensive wrestler s arm does not necessarily prevent the offensive wrestler from having control. A wrestler may have control, even when the opponent has locked hands around one of the opponent s legs.

    The defensive wrestler s starting position requires the wrestler to be at the center of the circle stationary on hands and knees so both knees are on the mat behind and parallel to the rear starting line. The heels of both hands shall be on the mat in front of the forward starting line.

    The elbows shall not touch the mat. This position must also allow the offensive wrestler to be able to assume a legal starting position on either side. A neutral position is one in which neither wrestler has control.

    The neutral starting position requires both contestants to be stationary and opposite each other with one foot on the green or red area of the starting lines and the other foot on the line or the line extended, or behind the foot on the line with no part of the body touching the mat in front of the lead foot. The offensive starting position is one in which the wrestler is at the right or left side of an opponent with at least one knee on the mat on the near side of the opponent.

    The near side is the one on which the offensive wrestler places the palm of the hand on or over the back of the opponent s near elbow. ART Wrestlers may not wear wristbands, sweatbands or bicep bands during a match. ART Electronic devices that enable communication between coach and contestant during a match are not permitted.

    ART A contestant shall not wrestle more than one weight class above that class for which the actual weight, at the time of weigh-in, qualifies the competitor. ART At anytime the use of sweat boxes; hot showers; whirlpools; rubber, vinyl and plastic-type suits; or similar artificial heating devices; diuretics; or other methods for quick weight reduction purposes is prohibited and shall disqualify an individual from competition.

    ART A 2-pound growth allowance may be added to each weight class any time after the date of certification. When a preliminary meet is followed by a varsity meet, weigh-ins may, by mutual consent, precede the preliminary meet. ART Contestants of the same gender shall have the opportunity to weigh in shoulder-toshoulder or by team s at the tournament site a maximum of two hours before the first session of each day.

    ART For any event, all contestants shall be present in and remain in the designated weigh-in area at the time established by the meet administration. Contestants shall not leave the designated weigh-in area unless permission is granted by the meet administration. Dual meet weigh-in shall proceed through the weight classes beginning with the random draw selected weight class, continue through the weight classes, wrap around to the pound weight class and end immediately upon the completion of the highest weight class preceding the random draw selected weight class.

    When all wrestlers for a weight class have had an opportunity to weigh in and the next class is called, that weight class is closed. Tournament weigh-in may proceed by team s with the lowest weight class to the highest and end immediately upon the completion of the highest weight class.

    A contestant shall weigh in for only one weight class during the weigh-in period. If only one scale is available, a contestant may step on and off that scale two times to allow for mechanical inconsistencies in the scale.

    If multiple scales are available, a contestant may step on and off the first scale two times to allow for mechanical inconsistencies in that scale. If the contestant fails to make weight on the first scale, the contestant shall immediately step on each available scale one time in an attempt to make weight.

    During time off the scale s , activities that promote dehydration are prohibited. ART The referee, or other authorized person of the same gender, shall supervise the weigh-ins. ART When there are consecutive days of team competition, there shall be a 1-pound additional allowance granted each day for all wrestlers up to a maximum of two pounds.

    In order to be granted this 1-pound additional allowance, a minimum of 48 hours advance notice is required for the opponent s. The acceptable person s to receive that notice shall be the head coach, principal or athletic director. Competitions that are postponed for one calendar day or more, for reasons beyond the control of the participating school s , or practices that cannot be held in these situations due to school policy shall be treated the same as competitions when there are consecutive days of competition in terms of the 1-pound allowance, with the exception of the required hour notice.

    ART A contestant representing a school in an individually bracketed tournament shall be named by weight class prior to the conclusion of the weigh-in. ART All contestants shall weigh in wearing a suitable undergarment that completely covers the buttocks and the groin area.

    Female contestants must also wear a suitable undergarment that covers their breasts.

    ART Any contestant failing to make weight during the weigh-in period shall be ineligible for that weight class. That contestant may wrestle in the weight class for which their actual weight 48 qualifies the contestant, or in the next higher weight class as long as either of these weight classes are permitted by the contestant s individual weight loss plan on that given date.

    An additional weigh-in is neither required nor allowed. ART Any contestant who has been authorized to wear an artificial limb, shall weigh-in with the artificial limb if the contestant chooses to wrestle with it on. Once a wrestler has weighed in with the artificial limb, it shall not be removed during competition.

    2018-19 NFHS Wrestling Rules Book

    ART Bad time involves time that occurs when: a. ART Errors requiring bad time to be re-wrestled must be corrected prior to the start of any subsequent period. If the wrong wrestler is given the choice of position at the start of the second period or at the start of the first second tiebreaker in overtime, no re-wrestling is necessary. The opponent may be given the choice at the start of the third period or at the start of the second second tiebreaker in overtime. ART If in the opinion of the referee, a wrestler has bitten an opponent this will be deemed as intentional biting and will be called as flagrant misconduct.

    The number of byes shall be equal to the difference between the number of competitors and the next higher power of two. ART There shall be no byes after the first round of competition in both the championship and consolation brackets, and no further drawing is necessary for championship or consolation rounds. ART When byes are required for the first round, they shall be placed by mutual consent or drawn so they are distributed evenly throughout the bracket.

    ART No quarter-bracket or half-bracket shall have more than one bye in excess of its paired bracket. ART After seeded wrestlers have been placed in the bracket and the byes drawn, remaining wrestlers shall be placed by draw.

    ART Following two cautions, a 1-point penalty is assessed for each subsequent infraction. ART When a coach requests a conference with the referee at the scorer s table regarding a possible misapplication of a rule, and it is determined there was no misapplication or when, during a conference at the scorer s table, the coach questions the judgment of the referee, coach misconduct shall be called.

    The coach misconduct penalty shall always be charged to the head coach. ART Coach misconduct results in the following: a. First offense warning; b. Second offense deduct one team point; c. Third offense deduct two team points and removal of the head coach for the remainder of the day. The penalty sequence starts anew each day. A wrestler who has control of an opponent is in a position of advantage.

    ART Control is gained when a takedown occurs, and changes when an escape or reversal is scored. ART Control determines the awarding of points. The two seconds one-thousand-one, one-thousand-two shall be a silent count and shall start only after the referee is in position to observe if a fall is imminent.

    A fall is imminent when any part of both shoulders or both scapula of either wrestler are in contact with the mat. The shoulders or scapula must be held inbounds in continuous contact with the mat. A fall terminates wrestling. Photos ART A near fall occurs when the offensive wrestler has control of the opponent in a pinning situation and near-fall criteria are met for a period of two seconds or longer. Photos a. Criteria for a near fall occur when any part of both shoulders or both scapulae of the defensive wrestler are held within 4 inches of the mat or less; or when one shoulder or scapula of the defensive wrestler is touching the mat and the other shoulder or scapula is held at an angle of 45 degrees or less with the mat; or when the defensive wrestler is held in a high bridge or on both elbows.

    Only the wrestler with the advantage, who has an opponent in the pinning situation, may score a near fall; c. A near fall is ended when the defensive wrestler gets out of a pinning situation.

    The referee must not signal the score for a near fall until the situation is ended and only one near fall shall be scored in each pinning situation, regardless of number of times the offensive wrestler places an opponent in the near-fall position during the pinning situation; d.

    A bridgeback in a body scissors or bridgeovers with a wrist lock are not considered near-fall situations even though a fall may be scored; e. When the defensive wrestler places himself in a precarious position during an attempted escape or reversal, a near fall shall not be scored, unless the offensive wrestler has control and restrains the opponent in a pinning situation for two seconds; f.

    If the defensive wrestler is injured or bleeding occurs in an imminent near-fall situation or before the two-point near fall criteria of a two count have been met, the match will be stopped and a two-point near-fall awarded. If the defensive wrestler is injured or bleeding occurs after the two-point near-fall criteria of a two count have been met and before the three-point near-fall criteria of a five count have been earned, the match will be stopped and a three-point near fall shall be awarded.

    If the defensive wrestler is injured or indicates an injury or bleeding occurs after a three-point near fall is earned, the match will be stopped and a four-point near fall shall be awarded; i. ART If the near-fall criteria are met for a period of two seconds, a two-point near fall will be earned and if the near-fall criteria are met for five continuous seconds, a three-point near fall will be earned.

    ART A technical fall occurs when a wrestler has earned a point advantage over the opponent, however; a.

    If a takedown or reversal, straight to near-fall criteria creates a point advantage, the match shall continue until the near-fall situation has concluded.

    Once the technical fall has been earned, the offensive wrestler cannot lose the match except by flagrant misconduct. ART A fall or near fall shall not be awarded: a. Unless any part of both shoulders or both scapulae of the defensive wrestler is inbounds; b. If the wrestler being pinned is handicapped by having any portion of the wrestler s body out of bounds. Flagrant misconduct shall be penalized in accordance with the Penalty Chart. ART Contestants: a. Flagrant misconduct is any physical or nonphysical act which occurs before, during or after a match considered by the referee to be serious enough to disqualify a contestant from the match and any additional wrestling in a multiple school event.

    Acts include, but are not limited to: 1. If, in the opinion of the referee, a wrestler bites an opponent this will be deemed as intentional biting and will be called as flagrant misconduct. In order to receive a forfeit the wrestler shall be dressed in a legal wrestling uniform and appear on the mat.

    Photo 11 ART Supporting points are the parts of the body touching the wrestling area which bear the wrestler s weight, other than those parts with which the wrestler is holding the opponent.

    When down on the mat, the usual points of support are: 1. When the defensive wrestler is on their back while the supporting points of either wrestler are inbounds, wrestling shall continue as long as there is a possibility of the offensive wrestler bringing the opponent back into the inbounds area.

    In this situation any part of a defensive wrestler s shoulder or scapula is considered to be all the supporting points. Near-fall points or a fall shall be earned only while any part of both defensive wrestler s shoulders or both scapulae are inbounds.

    ART Wrestling shall continue as long as all the supporting points of either wrestler remain inbounds. If there is no action at the edge of the mat and one wrestler is out of bounds, the referee may stop the match. ART A match begins when the proper wrestler reports to the scorer s table in dual matches and tournaments until the conclusion of wrestling. The conclusion of wrestling occurs when the time expires at the end of the third period, when the overtime ends, or when a fall, technical fall, disqualification or a default occurs.

    The position of advantage is a situation in which a contestant is in control and maintaining restraining power over an opponent. Control is the determining factor.

    The failure of the offensive wrestler to get the head out from the defensive wrestler s arm does not necessarily prevent the offensive wrestler from having control.

    A wrestler may have control, even when the opponent has locked hands around one of the opponent s legs. The defensive wrestler s starting position requires the wrestler to be at the center of the circle stationary on hands and knees so both knees are on the mat behind and parallel to the rear starting line.

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